Top HTML Interview questions you should be ready for

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Top HTML Questions And Answers You Should Be Ready During A Job Interview

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If you are attending a JOB INTERVIEW at a startup or a tech firm, chances of the interviewer asking you HTML questions are high. HTML is a vast subject, the interviewee’s knowing the specific questions that can be asked is an added bonus. We have compiled a list of top HTML questions that are likely to be asked during a Job or a College interview. It is advised to go through these questions before you appear in the interview so that you could sharpen your HTML general knowledge and respond quickly to the interviewer and gain his respect and preference over other applicants.

HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a markup language for creating a webpage. HTML has the flexibility to include essays, links, pictures, sound, and video. HTML is used to mark and describe each of these kinds of content so the web browser can display them correctly. HTML can also be used to add meta information to a webpage through cookies. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is used to style HTML elements while JavaScript is used to manipulate HTML elements and CSS styles. HTML was made by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). There are several versions of HTML. The current standard of HTML is dubbed HTML 5 and is specifically at version 5.2.

Top Interview questions on HTML and their answers:

Question: What is HTML?

HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the language used for WWW or World Wide Web. HTML is a standard text formatting language that creates and displays a variety of pages on the web.

Question: What makes HTML?

Answer: HTML constitutes mainly two components. The first component is the content, and the second component is the tag. Both these components help in the proper display of pages with the required information for the web surfers.

Question: Define HTML tags?

Answer: HTML tags help in placing the contents in the proper and most appropriate format. It makes extensive use of symbols such as less than or < or higher than or > signs to place the appropriate content on the specific portion of the web page. The use of the slash or / symbol is also made as a closing tag.

Question: Are these HTML tags applied in pairs?

Answer: No. The HTML tags are not always applied in pairs because, in some cases, there is no need for the closing tag. For instance, in the case of images, the closing tags are not required as <img> tag.

Question: Define the standard list that is referred to while designing a page?

Answer: The standard list that is referred to while designing a page includes any or combination of the below stated.

  1. Menu list.
  2. Directory list.
  3. Ordered list.
  4. Unordered list.
  5. Definition list.

Question: What is the primary function of these lists?

Answer: The primary function of these lists is to make use of different kinds of tags that could be set to compose.

Question: Can we insert a comment in HTML?

Answer: Yes, we can insert a comment in HTML by beginning with lesser than sign and ending with greater than sign. For instance, “<!-“ and “->.”

Question: Why, in some cases, the character entities do not display correctly on all systems?

Answer: In some cases, the browser running does not support the character, and thus the character is displayed as boxes. This is the condition in which the character entities do not display correctly on all the systems.

Question: Define an image map?

Answer: An image map helps in linking with the different kinds of web pages using a single image. The image map can be used for defining shapes in the images that are made part of the image mapping process.

Question: What is white space?

Answer: White space is the empty sequence of space characters. This white space is considered as a single space character in the HTML.

Question: What is the advantage of white space?

Answer: White space helps the browser to collapse multiple spaces into one single space, and thereby the indent lines of the text can be taken care of without caring for the multiple spaces that are left. Thereby using the HTML code, white space helps in better organizing the content and tags, making them readable and easy to understand.

Question: Can some attribute value best to predefined values?

Answer: Yes, some attribute values can be set to predefined values, but other attributes can accept any kind of numerical value, which represents the pixel size.

Question: Can HTML files work well on the new browser?

Answer: Of course, the HTML files could work very well on the new browser, just that the new browser is compliant to the HTML standards. It may be possible that some new browsers may not support the features of HTML and therefore, won’t work well.

Answer: No, the hyperlink does not apply to the text-only but also the images. This means that we can convert an image into a link that can allow the users to gain access to another page when clicked on it.

Question: How can the symbol be represented in case the user’s operating system does not support the needed character?

Answer: The symbols can be represented in the form of the image in the case where the operating system does not support a particular character.

Question: What are the two attributes of the number type in the middle of a list?

Answer: The two attributes of the number type in the middle of a list include the type and value. The type attribute is used for changing the numbering type for any list item, while the value attribute is used for changing the number index for any list item.

Question: What is the purpose of a style sheet?

Answer: A style sheet helps in creating a well-defined template that is both consistent as well as transportable. These style sheet templates can be linked to various web pages, which makes it easier to main and change the look of the web page.

Answer: We can insert a copyright symbol on the browser page, which can be done by using the commands such as type & copy; or & # 169 in the HTML file.

Answer: We can create several links to different sections within the same web page by using the <a> tag along with referencing through the use of the # symbol.

Question: Can we keep list elements straight in the HTML file?

Answer: Yes, we can keep list elements straight in the HTML file by using indents. The indent can also be used for the sub nested list for the parent list that contains it for creating more lists and elements.

Question: Which is the web page that is printed and pointed mostly as the web address in the magazine?

Answer: The top-level page is the most popular web page that is printed and pointed mostly as the web address in the magazine because it can help the users to browse to all other pages on the website from the same link.

Question: Why do we use alternate text in the image mapping?

Answer: Alternate text is used in image mapping to remove the confusion and get clear about the hotspots that correspond to the particular link. This way, descriptive text can be applied to each of the hotspot links.

Question: Can HTML files work well on the new browser?

Answer: Of course, the HTML files could work very well on the new browser, just that the new browser is compliant to the HTML standards. It may be possible that some new browsers may not support the features of HTML and therefore, won’t work well.

Answer: No, the hyperlink does not apply to the text-only but also the images. This means that we can convert an image into a link that can allow the users to gain access to another page when clicked on it.

Question: How can the symbol be represented in case the user’s operating system does not support the needed character?

Answer: The symbols can be represented in the form of the image in the case where the operating system does not support a particular character.

Question: What are the two attributes of the number type in the middle of a list?

Answer: The two attributes of the number type in the middle of a list include the type and value. The type attribute is used for changing the numbering type for any list item, while the value attribute is used for changing the number index for any list item.

Question: What is the purpose of a style sheet?

Answer: A style sheet helps in creating a well-defined template that is both consistent as well as transportable. These style sheet templates can be linked to various web pages, which makes it easier to main and change the look of the web page.

Question: Is there any difference between the unordered list on one side and the directory and menu list on the other side?

Answer: Yes, there is a crucial difference between the unordered list on one side and the directory and menu list on the other side, which is not including the attributes for changing the bullet style.

Question: How will you change the color of bullets?

Answer: The color of bullets is usually the color of the first character in the list. However, if you change the color of the first character with the set of <font> tags, then the bullet color and first character color from the text will also get changed.

Question: Is there any limit to a text field size?

Answer: Yes, there is a limit of 13 characters in a text field size. By setting the size attribute, the size value can be set as low as 1.

Question: How is the maximum size value determined?

Answer: The maximum size value can be determined by the browser width.

Question: What will happen if the size attribute will be set to zero?

Answer: If the size attribute is set to zero, then the size will be set to the default size of 13 characters.

Question: What are the similarities between the border and rule attributes?

Answer: If the border attribute is set to a non-zero value, then the default cell borders with the thickness of one pixel will get added automatically. Similarly, if the rule attribute is added to the <table> tag, then the border attribute will not get included, and the default one-pixel border will be set and appear on the screen.

Question: Define Marquee? How can we apply it?

Answer: A Marquee helps in setting a scrolling text on the web page. To apply for a marquee, you need to use </marquee> tags.

Question: What is the function of <br> tags?

Answer: The function of <br> tags is to separate sections of the text.

Question: Is there any other way to separate the section of text without using <br>?

Answer: Yes, there are other ways to separate sections of text which includes <p> tag and <blockquote> tag.

Question: Can the text appear outside the browser?

Answer: By default, the text cannot appear outside the browser, but, in case the text is part of a table cell with a predefined width, it could extend beyond the browser window.

Answer: An active link is when they have the focus when the mouse is placed over them, while the standard links are those who do not have the mouse cursor over the link.

Question: Can the stylesheet limit the number of style definitions?

Answer: No, the style sheets do not limit the number of style definitions for a given selector, which can be included within the brackets. However, every new style definition needs to be separated from others using the semicolon symbol.

Question: Is there any hierarchy that is followed on the style sheets?

Answer: Yes, there is a hierarchy that is followed on the style sheet, which includes three different style definitions. The first definition, which is closest to the actual tag, takes precedence. The second definition, which is Inline style, takes priority over the embedded style sheet. The third definition is the external style sheets, which take priority over the others.

Question: Can we group the various selectors with different class names?

Answer: Yes, we can group the various selectors with different class names and the same style definition by using commas.

Question: Can the external CSS file be opened in the browser?

Answer: No, the external CSS file cannot be opened in the browser because the file has a different extension. However, it can be opened only with <link/>tag within the other HTML document.

Question: Can the list-style-type property affect the paragraph?

Answer: No, the list-style-type property cannot affect the paragraph, and it will rather ignore this non-list element.

Question: Define the Canvas element?

Answer: A Canvas element supports the creation of charts, graphs, and bypasses Photoshop. It could help the creation of 2D images that can directly be placed through the HTML5 code.

These are the most likely questions and answers that can be asked during a job interview or a college interview. These questions can even be asked for Viva.

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"The Internet is the first thing that humanity has built that humanity doesn't understand, the largest experiment in anarchy that we have ever had." Eric Schmidt

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