Dr. Amruta Gadge, an Indian Origin Physicist created the fifth state of matter or Bose-Einstein Condensate from her living room
Isaac Newton discovered gravity sitting under an Apple tree, while Archimedes had his Eureka movement while bathing. It seems like big ideas are not found in labs but accidentally found in day to day life. This is what happened with Dr.Amruta Gadge who created the fifth state of matter – the Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) in her living room. Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein claimed the existence of the fifth state of the matter in 1925 and Dr.Gadge’s creation should open new doors for scientists.
Dr. Gadge is a Research Fellow In Quantum Physics And Technologies at the University of Sussex. Researchers use the quantum labs at the Universities including their Supercomputers to create BEC. However, this is the first time that the Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) outside a lab or in a living room. The research team of which Dr.Gadge is a member believes that her achievement could provide a blueprint for operating quantum technology in inaccessible environments such as space.
Dr.Gadge’s findings were published on the science website, Phys.org. Another researcher, Peter Krüger, Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Sussex, in an interview with Lab News, said “We believe this may be the first time that someone has established a BEC remotely in a lab that didn’t have one before. We are all extremely excited that we can continue to conduct our experiments remotely during the lockdown and any possible future lockdowns.”
Dr. Gadge was able to create the complex calculations required for creating BEC and running the sequence, by accessing the Sussex lab computers remotely from her home. “The process has been a lot slower than if I had been in the lab as the experiment is unstable and I’ve had to give 10-15 minutes of cooling time between each run. This is obviously not as efficient and way more laborious to do manually because I’ve not been able to do systematic scans or fix the instability as I could working in the lab,” she told Phys.
Dr.Gadge’s research is based on the prediction of Albert Einstein and Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose from the mid-1920s which stated that quantum mechanics can be used as a force to clump a large number of particles to behave like a single particle, thus the research of fifth matter was introduced. Dr.Gadge’s findings could help scientists and researchers to operate quantum tech remotely in otherwise inaccessible environments like space or underwater.
You can read her full interview on SheThePeople here.