Here are the countries that have ousted or are in the process of banning China’s Huawei from participating in their 5G infrastructure
- 1 Here are the countries that have ousted or are in the process of banning China’s Huawei from participating in their 5G infrastructure
- 2 The United States of America
- 3 United Kingdom
- 4 India
- 5 Singapore
- 6 Brazil
- 7 Australia
- 8 New Zealand
- 9 Canada:
- 10 European Union:
- 11 Germany:
- 12 France:
- 13 Italy:
- 14 Netherlands
- 15 Conclusion
Huawei’s ambitions to become the top telecom company in the world are well known. It has been accused of employing underhand methods to gain access to technology or throttle innovation by hacking into giant companies like Nortel and planting backdoors to telecom equipment of companies in United Kingdom and Germany. In fact, a non-partisan U.S. based think tank, ITIF had accused Huawei and ZTE of using their dominant market share to throttle innovation in the telecom sector as a whole. However, the next frontier of the telecom revolution is 5G and whosoever rules 5G will emerge as the king of telecom for decades.
Therefore Huawei is trying every trick in the book to win 5G infrastructure contracts around the world. However, the US administration under President Donald Trump doesn’t think so. They have not only banned Huawei from importing US tech and services but are also using coercion, loan, aid, and grants to force ally countries to kick out Huawei from their local 5G infrastructure bidding.
How much has the U.S. succeeded in forcing its allies around the world to block Huawei is the moot question. In this article, we take a look at how Huawei is faring in 5G infrastructure bidding country-wise to give you a sense of what Huawei’s future will be.
The United States of America
Huawei doesn’t have a chance in America. Not only has Huawei been banned from exporting/importing software and technology from the U.S. companies but it has also been designated a rogue company. On June 30, the Ajit Pai led Federal Communications Commission (FCC) formally designated Huawei and ZTE as threats to US national security. This declaration in addition to the export ban means that any U.S. company that has ties with Huawei/ZTE can’t avail FCC’s $8.3 billion funds for innovation.
The US ban has already hit Huawei hard with it delaying the launch of its flagship Mate smartphones due to the non-availability of Kirin SoC or similar chip. Huawei should forget of entering U.S. 5G market.
The U.K. has been a rollercoaster for Huawei. First, PM Boris Johnson led Tory government allowed Huawei to bid and participate in the UK’s 5G infrastructure. But suddenly, in May 2020, the government decided to kick Huawei out of U.K’s 5G grid by 2023 presumably under the U.S. influence.
However, in the month of July 2020, the wheels suddenly turned for Huawei when PM Johnson decided to kick it out altogether by the end of 2020 and ban Huawei completely in the United Kingdom.
India was not so forthcoming to the US pressure to block Huawei from bidding in 5G infrastructure till May 2020. But then the 15th June Galwan Valley clash between Indian Army and Chinese PLA happened and the Indian citizens took it upon themselves to boycott Chinese products. The government too decided to ban 59 Chinese origin Apps citing data security concerns and is considering blocking Huawei and ZTE completely from bidding in the forthcoming 5G auctions.
In fact, India has gone further than just blocking Huawei, the Indian states have blocked signed contracts worth $1.5 billion with state-run Chinese firms bowing to the public pressure after 20 Indian soldiers were martyred.
Singapore was one of the first countries to block Huawei and ZTE from 5G infrastructure. In June 2020, Singapore chose Nokia and Ericsson to build the main 5G networks in the city-state.
Brazil is in the process of kicking out Huawei and ZTE from its 5G grid. This comes after the United States government offered to finance its 5G infrastructure if it keeps the Chinese companies out.
Australia was one of the first countries to question China about the origins of the Coronavirus pandemic. It was also one of the first countries to block Huawei and ZTE from bidding in the Australian 5G grid as back 2018. Huawei was originally supposed to lay the undersea cables for 5G networking but in 2018, the Australian government kicked Huawei out and decided to fund and build the infrastructure itself.
New Zealand followed Australia and blocked Huawei from its 5G grid in 2018. It has aked it’s top telecom company Spark to block Huawei 5G equipment. Spark has entered into an agreement for 5G equipment with Finland’s Nokia and Samsung Electronics of South Korea.
Canada is where Huawei grandeur started. Huawei is what it is due to the alleged hacking of top Canadian telecom company Nortel. Huawei founder’s daughter and ex-CFO, Meng Wanzhou was arrested by RCMP for fraud, cyber espionage, and other charges. Her extradition to the U.S. is in the final stages and she will be deported to America to face the charges.
Canada ditch Huawei and the two of Canada’s largest telecoms firms teamed up in June with Sweden’s Ericsson and Nokia to build 5G networks. Canada is currently considering legislation to completely ban Canadian companies from procuring equipment from Huawei.
European Union passed a resolution to leave it to the individual countries to decide on importing Huawei equipment for their 5G network. In January, the European Union said countries can either restrict or exclude high-risk 5G vendors from core parts of their telecoms networks. Many countries are following the U.S. and blocking Huawei equipment import.
One of the members of Five Eyes, Germany is going to decide on Huawei’s fate in September 2020 when it defines the rules on installing components in the future 5G mobile communications network. Though Germany’s top telecom company and Huawei’s largest customer in Europe, Deutsche Telekom has argued strongly against any blanket bans on individual foreign vendors, Germany may block Huawei completely from its 5G grid.
The official line is that Huawei equipment is not banned in France but the government has encouraged French telecom firms to avoid Huawei equipment.
Italy has decided to block Huawei equipment from being used in its 5G network over security concerns.
The Dutch government is considering blocking Huawei 5G equipment. Days after being added on the US entity list, Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant claimed that Dutch intelligence agency AVID was investigating reports of backdoors in Huawei sourced network gear of a carrier.
There you have it. Almost 2/3 of the world is either blocking Huawei’s 5G equipment or is in the process of blocking it. Huawei only has Chinese satellite countries like Pakistan, African countries, middle eastern countries, and some Pacific countries where it can export its 5G tech. The future doesn’t look bright for Huawei but that being said, if President Trump loses November 2020 elections and the incumbent decides to renege on the Huawei export ban, it could be back in the game.